Both things utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes considerably surpassed this criterion.

Both things utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes considerably surpassed this criterion.

The number of 2 minute intervals coded for each variable related to sexual minorities was summed across the intervals in an episode to gauge the frequency with which same sex sexual behavior and talk about nonheterosexual sexual issues occurred within each program episode for purposes of reliability assessment. This summing led to converting nominal data (i.e., presence/absence) during the 2 moment interval degree into regularity counts at the system degree (range periods for which sex that is same behavior happened in the episode). Consequently, the dependability analyses utilized the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). The ICC is an evaluation regarding the percentage of variance into the measures owing to coder agreement corrected for opportunity. For interval data like the regularity matters utilized right right here, the ICC is the same as Krippendorf’s alpha (Krippendorf, 1980).

An ICC of .70 was utilized while the criterion for appropriate reliability. Both things utilized to measure the existence of nonheterosexual themes significantly surpassed this criterion. The ICC for exact exact same intercourse behavior that is sexual .97 in 12 months 1 and .99 in 12 months 2. The ICC for speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems ended up being .89 in 12 months 1 and .95 in 12 months 2.

Information Analyses

To resolve the initial group of research concerns concerning the prevalence of nonheterosexual product on tv, we utilized episode degree data ( e.g., percentages of episodes containing exact same intercourse intimate behavior and containing speak about intercourse pertaining to nonheterosexuals) and chi square analyses to look at between team distinctions with your nominal information. When it comes to 2nd pair of research questions, we utilized just those demonstrates that included nonheterosexual intimate content and evaluated their regularity across 2 moment periods ( ag e.g., range periods each hour of system time with nonheterosexual intimate talk). Of these analyses, we used t tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to try team differences. Significant f that is omnibus had been followed up with post hoc comparisons making use of Tamhane’s T2 test, which doesn’t assume equal mobile size or equal variance, to recognize significant distinctions across groups.

Results.Prevalence of Nonheterosexual Sexual Content

About one out of six programs within our examples included any content that is sexualbehavior or talk) pertaining to nonheterosexuals. The slight escalation in nonheterosexual sexual content through the 2001 2002 period (14.5%) into the 2002 2003 period (17.4%) had been significant, П‡ 2 (1, N = 2715) = 4.15, p dining dining Table 1 shows the portion of suggests that contained any exact exact exact same sex sexual behavior and any intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals by program genres, by style of community, and also by period of day aired. The 11 stations were classified into one of three categories: commercial broadcast (which included the three major networks ABC, CBS, and NBC as well as Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music entertainment (which included BET and MTV), and premium cable movie (which included Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime) for network type. With regards to time of day broadcast, shows airing between 3:00 and 8:00 p.m. had been categorized as late afternoon/early night and those shown between 8:00 and 11:00 p.m. were classified as prime time.

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Note: Within kind of community and time of day aired, percentages within the column that is same don’t share subscripts vary at p dining dining Table 1 ). More often than not, there is a high level of communication from a genre’s relative positions for exact exact exact same intercourse sexual behavior and speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems. Furthermore, genres’ standings on these two factors had been fairly stable throughout the two tv periods.

Three genres were regularly lower in both kinds of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which included sexual behavior or sexual talk associated with nonheterosexuals in a choice of 12 months), news publications (0% for behavior and talk in 12 months 1; 3.2per cent and 6.5%, correspondingly, for behavior and talk in 12 months 2), and talk programs (0 and 3.0per cent, correspondingly, for behavior and talk in 12 months 1; 2.2 and 8.9per cent, correspondingly, for behavior and talk for 12 months 2). 3 Genres that tended to own the greatest proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content had been variety/comedy and film that is feature. Designed for television films and programs classified as “other” additionally had fairly high proportions with nonheterosexual intimate content; nonetheless, both these groups included just only a few programs (letter = 7), rendering it tough to draw conclusions about them. Consequently, although we consist of these second two genres when you look at the tables, we usually do not emphasize the findings related to them.

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